, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 171-176

Urinary tuberculosis: Modern issues

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Abstract

Tuberculosis remains an epidemic that affects one third of the world’s population. The persistence of this disease is caused by a large pool of immunecompromised and lower socioeconomic populations. The advent of rapid transportation and migration has contributed to the persistence of this disease in developed and less developed nations. The emergence of drug-resistant strains has added an additional factor for the pervasiveness of tuberculosis. The genitourinary system is a primary target for hematogenous infections. This article reviews the contemporary issues that affect the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tuberculosis.