How to Investigate and Treat: Migraine in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders
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- Gonçalves, D.A.G., Camparis, C.M., Franco, A.L. et al. Curr Pain Headache Rep (2012) 16: 359. doi:10.1007/s11916-012-0268-9
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Migraine and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are highly prevalent conditions that frequently coexist in the same patient. The relationship between migraine and TMD is complex. Migraineurs often have pain in the TMD area; TMD sufferers, in turn, often experience headaches in addition to the pain in the jaw. Finally, migraine and TMD are comorbid, and the final phenotype of patients with the comorbidity may represent the aggregated contribution of both. Herein we briefly discuss the clinical commonalities of migraine and TMD, and the differential diagnosis of these conditions with other causes of facial pain. We close by presenting our experience in the treatment of patients with the comorbidity.