Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 350–357

Psychological trauma in chronic pain: Implications of PTSD for fibromyalgia and headache disorders

  • Julio F. P. Peres
  • Andre Leite Gonçalves
  • Mario F. P. Peres

DOI: 10.1007/s11916-009-0057-2

Cite this article as:
Peres, J.F.P., Gonçalves, A.L. & Peres, M.F.P. Current Science Inc (2009) 13: 350. doi:10.1007/s11916-009-0057-2


The association of traumatic exposures with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health conditions is well known. Patients with chronic pain, particularly headache disorders and fibromyalgia (FM), associated with psychological traumas need a special management strategy. Diagnosis of headache disorders and FM in traumatized patients and collecting the clinical history of a traumatic event or diagnosing PTSD in chronic pain patients is of great importance. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapeutic options should be started on patients with comorbid PTSD and headache disorders and/or FM.

Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio F. P. Peres
  • Andre Leite Gonçalves
  • Mario F. P. Peres
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Israelita deEnsino e Pesquisa Hospital Albert EinsteinSao PauloBrazil