Article

Current Pain and Headache Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 408-414

First online:

Temporomandibular joint pain and dysfunction

  • Kathleen HerbAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
  • , Sung ChoAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
  • , Marlind Alan StilesAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Email author 

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Abstract

Pain caused by temporomandibular disorders originates from either muscular or articular conditions, or both. Distinguishing the precise source of the pain is a signi ficant diagnostic challenge to clinicians, and effective management hinges on establishing a correct diagnosis. This paper examines terminology and regional anatomy as it pertains to functional and dysfunctional states of the temporomandibular joint and muscles of mastication. A review of the pathophysiology of the most common disorders is provided. Trends in evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and research are presented.