Idiopathic Osteoporosis in Men
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- Gennari, L. & Bilezikian, J.P. Curr Osteoporos Rep (2013) 11: 286. doi:10.1007/s11914-013-0164-1
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Over the last decade, the increasingly significant problem of osteoporosis in men has begun to receive much more attention than in the past. In particular, recent observations from large scale population studies in males led to an advance in the understanding of morphologic basis of growth, maintenance and loss of bone in men, as well as new insights about the pathophysiology and treatment of this disorder. While fracture risk consistently increases after age 65 in men (with up to 50 % of cases due to secondary etiologies), osteoporosis and fractures may also occur in young or middle aged males in the absence of an identifiable etiology. For this category (so called idiopathic osteoporosis), there are still major gaps in knowledge, particularly concerning the etiology and the clinical management. This article provides a summary of recent developments in the acquisition and maintenance of bone strength in men, as well as new insights about the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of idiopathic osteoporosis.