Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 229–236

Can Physical Activity Improve Peak Bone Mass?

Nutrition and Lifestyle in Osteoporosis (S Ferrari, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11914-013-0152-5

Cite this article as:
Specker, B. & Minett, M. Curr Osteoporos Rep (2013) 11: 229. doi:10.1007/s11914-013-0152-5


The pediatric origin of osteoporosis has led many investigators to focus on determining factors that influence bone gain during growth and methods for optimizing this gain. Bone responds to bone loading activities by increasing mass or size. Overall, pediatric studies have found a positive effect of bone loading on bone size and accrual, but the types of loads necessary for a bone response have only recently been investigated in human studies. Findings indicate that responses vary by sex, maturational status, and are site-specific. Estrogen status, body composition, and nutritional status also may influence the bone response to loading. Despite the complex interrelationships among these various factors, it is prudent to conclude that increased physical activity throughout life is likely to optimize bone health.


Bone densityExerciseLoadingPediatricsEstrogenCalciumProteinVitamin DBone sizePubertyFat mass

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.E.A. Martin Program in Human Nutrition, SWCSouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA