Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 5–11

Vitamin D therapy

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11914-008-0002-z

Cite this article as:
Geller, J.L. & Adams, J.S. Curr Osteoporos Rep (2008) 6: 5. doi:10.1007/s11914-008-0002-z

Abstract

The fat-soluble vitamin D prohormones, ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), are essential for the efficient intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate and the subsequent mineralization of bone. Inadequate vitamin D leads to chronic secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteoporosis. The increasing prevalence of osteoporosis has paralleled a pandemic of vitamin D insufficiency. Based on observational and prospective trials with clinical end points, the standards for vitamin D sufficiency have been recently revised. All patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis should be monitored with a reliable assay to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels more than 32 ng/dL. Patients who are taking bisphosphonates and those with coexisting primary hyperparathyroidism are not exempt from taking supplemental vitamin D.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orthopaedic Hospital Research Center, UCLA-Orthopaedic Hospital Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA