Date: 04 Jan 2014

Arterial Ischemic Stroke in Children: Risk Factors and Etiologies

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Stroke is increasingly recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children, and as a financial burden for families and society. Recent studies have identified and confirmed presumptive risk factors, and have identified novel associations with childhood arterial ischemic stroke. A better understanding of risk factors for stroke in children, which differ from the atherosclerotic risk factors in adults, is the first step needed to improve strategies for stroke prevention and intervention, and ultimately minimize the physical, mental, and financial burden of arterial ischemic stroke. Here, we discuss recent advances in research for selected childhood stroke risk factors, highlighting the progress made in our understanding of etiologic mechanisms and pathophysiology, and address the future directions for acute and long-term treatment strategies for pediatric stroke.