The Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Patients with Epilepsy

  • Mesha-Gay Brown
  • Danielle A. Becker
  • John R. Pollard
  • Christopher Todd Anderson
Epilepsy (CW Bazil, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11910-013-0351-6

Cite this article as:
Brown, MG., Becker, D.A., Pollard, J.R. et al. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep (2013) 13: 351. doi:10.1007/s11910-013-0351-6
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Epilepsy

Abstract

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) can cause significant impairment in psychosocial and scholastic achievement. AD/HD should be appropriately managed even if patients have comorbid epilepsy. The diagnosis and treatment of AD/HD in patients with epilepsy presents several challenges. Differentiating independent problems in attention from frequent epileptic seizures is the first step in evaluating these individuals. Once this is accomplished the formal independent diagnosis of AD/HD can be pursued. Data from non-epileptic AD/HD populations should be applied with caution to patients with epilepsy. Once attention deficit disorder has been diagnosed formally, choices in treatment can create other problems as some pharmacological treatments for AD/HD pose a risk of exacerbating seizures. This article serves as a review for the diagnosis and treatment of AD/HD spectrum disorders in patients with epilepsy.

Keywords

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Epilepsy Stimulants Seizures 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mesha-Gay Brown
    • 1
  • Danielle A. Becker
    • 1
  • John R. Pollard
    • 1
  • Christopher Todd Anderson
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Penn Epilepsy CenterUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.Comprehensive Epilepsy CenterFroedtert HospitalMilwaukeeUSA