Diagnosis and Treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) in Children and Adolescents

Headache (I Garza, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11910-012-0336-x

Cite this article as:
Victorio, M.C. & Rothner, A.D. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep (2013) 13: 336. doi:10.1007/s11910-012-0336-x
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Headache

Abstract

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by symptoms and signs of elevated intracranial pressure, elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, normal CSF content, and normal brain with normal or small ventricles on neuroimaging studies. IIH in children has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation. Diagnostic criteria with modifications to adapt to the variations in children are discussed. Diagnostic and therapeutic options are reviewed.

Keywords

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension Pseudotumor cerebri Papilledema Headache Opening pressure Visual deterioration Acetazolamide 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Akron Children’s HospitalAkronUSA
  2. 2.Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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