The current treatment of epilepsy: A challenge of choices

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There are now several distinct choices for seizure and epilepsy treatment. These include 16 antiepileptic medications, surgery, vagus nerve stimulation, and ketogenic diet. However, not every option is appropriate for all individuals with epilepsy. This article reviews the commonly employed treatments for chronic seizures, with the goal of trying to assess when certain treatments should be considered. An approach to seizure management is presented to help navigate the challenge of epilepsy treatment choices.