Neurologic disorders of gait

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Gait disorders are important because of their prevalence, particularly among the elderly, and the associated risk of falls and injury. Neural networks that organize locomotion and maintain balance are briefly reviewed. Gait disorders can be classified based on observational features or by etiology. Several common disorders are discussed in more detail. Recent progress includes use of botulinum toxin for spastic gait in cerebral palsy, neurosurgical treatment of Parkinson’s disease, and newer rehabilitation approaches to gait and balance training.