Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp 497-503

First online:

Viral load monitoring in HIV Infection

  • Mark HolodniyAffiliated withAIDS Research Center, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System

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Measurement of HIV-1 viral load is now an accepted part of clinical practice for the determination of clinical prognosis and antiretroviral effectiveness in HIV infection. Consensus guidelines have been published on the appropriate use of this testing. Furthermore, recent advances in molecular technology have improved the sensitivity and reproducibility of viral load assays, and these improved assays have provided new insight into the pathogenesis of HIV disease. This article reviews new issues affecting viral load quantification, including viral subtypes, sex, compartmental differences, and other covariables.