Date: 02 Jul 2014

Emerging Cytomegalovirus Management Strategies After Solid Organ Transplantation: Challenges and Opportunities

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Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains as one of the most common pathogens after solid organ transplantation (SOT). During the past year, management guidelines were updated, and numerous studies were published—all collectively emphasizing the ongoing efforts to improve management of CMV after SOT. Improvement in laboratory diagnostics was aided by the WHO international calibration standard for nucleic acid testing, which allows for meaningful comparison of viral load values among laboratories. The potential translation of methods for assessing CMV-specific cellular immunity could provide tools for CMV risk assessment and management. Efforts continue to optimize antiviral strategies for CMV disease prevention and treatment. CMV vaccines continue to be tested in various stages of clinical trials. Novel anti-CMV drugs are being developed, including agents that have been used as compassionate therapy for treatment of drug-resistant CMV. In this article, the authors review recent developments on CMV and discuss their implications in CMV management after transplantation.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Transplant and Oncology