Article

Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 143-147

First online:

New concepts in the etiology of bacterial vaginosis

  • Jane R. SchwebkeAffiliated withUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham Email author 

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Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection worldwide. It has been linked to serious public health consequences including preterm birth, postoperative infections, and the acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. The etiology of BV remains unknown. In this article, controversies about sexual transmission, microbial pathogens, and heterogeneity of BV as a disease entity are discussed.