, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 490-498
Date: 23 Nov 2008

New biomedical strategies for HIV-1 prevention in women

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Abstract

Novel HIV-1 prevention strategies continue to be urgently needed. This article reviews the current state of biomedical prevention against HIV-1, focusing on recently completed and ongoing clinical trials of new prevention interventions, particularly those relevant to prevention of HIV-1 in women. Male circumcision, cervical barrier devices, suppressive therapy against herpes simplex virus type 2, treatment of vaginal infections and other vaginal health interventions, pre-exposure antiretroviral prophylaxis, and topical vaginal microbicides are discussed.