, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 473-479

Treatment options in emerging mold infections

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Abstract

Although Zygomycetes, Fusarium spp, and Scedosporium spp are far less frequent causes of invasive fungal disease than Aspergillus and Candida, they are emerging. These types of infections in severely immunocompromised patients have a common feature: a poor clinical response to antifungal therapy. Infection is usually airborne, although local infections in cases of skin trauma are also possible. These fungi are resistant to some common antifungal agents; therefore, surgical debridement of the necrotic tissue, when possible, should be combined with specific systemic antifungal treatment in immunocompromised patients. In the absence of randomized clinical trials, most experience in the treatment of these infections is with amphotericin B. Experience with new antifungal agents is still limited, and recovery from neutropenia remains the main predictor of a favorable outcome.