Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp 521–530

Management of antiretroviral therapy in neonates, children, and adolescents

  • Michael Neely
  • Andrea Kovacs

DOI: 10.1007/s11908-003-0097-4

Cite this article as:
Neely, M. & Kovacs, A. Curr Infect Dis Rep (2003) 5: 521. doi:10.1007/s11908-003-0097-4


There have been tremendous advances in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treatment of HIVinfected children and adolescents. Although multiple classes of anti-HIV drugs are available that can control viral replication and stabilize immune function when used in combination, patients and their providers also must manage complex and frequently toxic regimens. This article summarizes official National Institutes of Health guidelines for the prevention of perinatal HIV infection and the management of pediatric and adolescent HIV infection, and provides the most current updates on indications for therapy, recommended first-line therapy, criteria for changing therapy, salvage therapy, and novel management strategies.

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Neely
  • Andrea Kovacs
    • 1
  1. 1.Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA