Intensive antihypertensive treatment to the new lower blood pressure targets
- Cite this article as:
- Elliott, W.J. Current Science Inc (1999) 1: 313. doi:10.1007/s11906-999-0039-0
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The recommendations of several authoritative bodies that blood pressure be lowered to lower-than-traditional goals in patients with high-risk hypertension have recently been validated by data from several randomized clinical trials. In the Hypertension Optimal Treatment (HOT) trial, the best prognosis was in diabetic patients treated to a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mm Hg. In the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study 38, a major reduction in nearly every type of cardiovascular event was noted among patients with type II diabetes who were treated to the lower blood pressure goal of less than 150/85 mm Hg. In the quality-of-life substudy of the HOT trial, the greatest improvement was found in patients treated to the lowest diastolic blood pressure goal of less than or equal to 80 mm Hg. Two economic analyses suggest that attainment of the lower blood pressure goal not only is possible and effective in reducing cardiovascular risk but also saves money overall by reducing expenditures for stroke, myocardial infarction, and other cardiovascular events.