, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 581-590
Date: 07 Jun 2012

Impact of Arterial Hypertension on the Eye

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Systemic hypertension has been linked to a wide range of major eye diseases. High arterial blood pressure (BP) decreases choroidal circulatory flow, increases intraocular pressure, and is associated with retinal microvascular abnormalities and prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and retinopathy. This review offers a comprehensive overview of ocular diseases associated with hypertension and emphasizes their importance as predictors to future cardiovascular events. It also gives evidence-based clinical data for the therapeutic approach of eye disease in hypertensive patients.