Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 581–590

Impact of Arterial Hypertension on the Eye

  • Vasiliki Katsi
  • Maria Marketou
  • Charalambos Vlachopoulos
  • Dimitris Tousoulis
  • George Souretis
  • Nikolaos Papageorgiou
  • Christodoulos Stefanadis
  • Panos Vardas
  • Ioannis Kallikazaros
Special Situations in the Management of Hypertension (NK Hollenberg, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11906-012-0283-6

Cite this article as:
Katsi, V., Marketou, M., Vlachopoulos, C. et al. Curr Hypertens Rep (2012) 14: 581. doi:10.1007/s11906-012-0283-6

Abstract

Systemic hypertension has been linked to a wide range of major eye diseases. High arterial blood pressure (BP) decreases choroidal circulatory flow, increases intraocular pressure, and is associated with retinal microvascular abnormalities and prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and retinopathy. This review offers a comprehensive overview of ocular diseases associated with hypertension and emphasizes their importance as predictors to future cardiovascular events. It also gives evidence-based clinical data for the therapeutic approach of eye disease in hypertensive patients.

Keywords

HypertensionEye diseaseHypertensive retinopathyHypertensive choroidopathyCardiovascular risk

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vasiliki Katsi
    • 1
  • Maria Marketou
    • 2
  • Charalambos Vlachopoulos
    • 1
  • Dimitris Tousoulis
    • 1
  • George Souretis
    • 1
  • Nikolaos Papageorgiou
    • 1
  • Christodoulos Stefanadis
    • 1
  • Panos Vardas
    • 2
  • Ioannis Kallikazaros
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiology DepartmentHippokration HospitalAthensGreece
  2. 2.Cardiology DepartmentHeraklion University HospitalCreteGreece