Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 212–218

Effect of interaction between left ventricular dysfunction and endothelial function in hypertension

  • Angela Sciacqua
  • Francesco Borrello
  • Marco Vatrano
  • Rosa Daniela Grembiale
  • Francesco Perticone
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11906-006-0053-4

Cite this article as:
Sciacqua, A., Borrello, F., Vatrano, M. et al. Current Science Inc (2006) 8: 212. doi:10.1007/s11906-006-0053-4
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Abstract

Hypertension, one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, is associated with both left ventricular hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction. Both have been recently recognized as independent predictors of clinical events in different groups of patients. In fact, a dysfunctioning endothelium loses its antiatherosclerotic and antithrombotic action, and, therefore, promotes the atherosclerotic process. Similarly, cardiac hypertrophy is recognized as a powerful and independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality because it predisposes to arrhythmias and maximizes the consequences of acute myocardial ischemia. Recently, an evident interaction has been demonstrated between endothelial dysfunction and left ventricular mass. In particular, the coexistence of both left ventricular hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction almost doubles the risk for future vascular events in hypertensives. Thus, in hypertensive patients, it is clinically useful to choose an aggressive therapeutic strategy—to reduce left ventricular mass and to improve endothelial function.

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Sciacqua
  • Francesco Borrello
  • Marco Vatrano
  • Rosa Daniela Grembiale
  • Francesco Perticone
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicina Sperimentale e ClinicaPoliclinico Mater Domini-Via Tommaso CampanellaCatanzaroItaly