Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 216-224

First online:

New trends in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension

  • Jens JordanAffiliated withFranz-Volhard-Clinic, Haus 129, Humboldt University

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Nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment can significantly attenuate the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension. Some of the interventions that are used to treat orthostatic hypotension have been known for decades. However, several new treatment strategies have been developed in recent years. New knowledge about the pathophysiology of orthostatic syndromes has been gathered that will strongly influence the way treatments are tailored to individual patients. For example, patients with and without residual autonomic function exhibit differential responses to certain treatments. A large subgroup of patients with severe autonomic failure show a profound pressor response to water drinking. This simple effect can be exploited to treat orthostatic and postprandial hypotension in some patients. New bioengineering technologies that attempt to replicate normal baroreflex mechanisms may become available for selected patients with central autonomic dysfunction.