Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 139–147

Pathophysiology of obesity hypertension

  • John E. Hall

DOI: 10.1007/s11906-000-0073-4

Cite this article as:
Hall, J.E. Current Science Inc (2000) 2: 139. doi:10.1007/s11906-000-0073-4


Excess weight gain is a major cause of essential hypertension, and abnormal kidney function appears to be a cause as well as a consequence of obesity hypertension. Excess renal sodium reabsorption and a hypertensive shift of pressure natriuresis play a major role in mediating increased blood pressure associated with weight gain. Activation of the renin-angiotensin and sympathetic nervous systems and physical compression of the kidneys appear to contribute to obesity-induced increases in sodium reabsorption and hypertension.

Copyright information

© Current Science Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John E. Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology & BiophysicsUniversity of Mississippi Medical CenterJacksonUSA