Current HIV/AIDS Reports

, 8:288

HIV-Related Research in Correctional Populations: Now is the Time


    • Brown University Medical School
    • The Miriam Hospital
    • The Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights
  • David A. Wohl
    • University of North Carolina
  • Curt G. Beckwith
    • Brown University Medical School
    • The Miriam Hospital
    • The Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights
  • Anne C. Spaulding
    • Rollins School of Public HealthEmory University
  • Nathaniel E. Lepp
    • New York Medical College
  • Jacques Baillargeon
    • University of Texas Medical Branch
  • Adrian Gardner
    • The Miriam Hospital
  • Ann Avery
    • Case Western Reserve University
    • MetroHealth Medical Center
  • Frederick L. Altice
    • Yale University School of Medicine
  • Sandra Springer
    • Yale University School of Medicine
  • On behalf of the Centers for AIDS Research—Collaboration on HIV in Corrections (CFAR-CHIC) Working Group
Behavioral Aspects of HIV Management (Ralph J. DiClemente and Jennifer Brown, Section Editors)

DOI: 10.1007/s11904-011-0095-3

Cite this article as:
Rich, J.D., Wohl, D.A., Beckwith, C.G. et al. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2011) 8: 288. doi:10.1007/s11904-011-0095-3


The incarcerated population has increased to unprecedented levels following the 1970 US declaration of war on illicit drug use. A substantial proportion of people with or at risk for HIV infection, including those with substance use and mental health disorders, have become incarcerated. The overlapping epidemics of incarceration and HIV present a need for academic medical centers to collaborate with the criminal justice system to improve the health of incarcerated populations. With coordinated collaboration and new programmatic initiatives it is possible to reduce HIV-associated risk behaviors and the likelihood of acquisition and transmission of HIV. Centers for AIDS Research (CFAR), funded by the National Institutes of Health, have proactively responded to this need through Collaboration on HIV in Corrections (CHIC) to improve the diagnosis, treatment, linkage to care, and prevention of HIV. This collaboration serves as a model for aligning academic expertise with criminal justice to confront this challenge to individual and public health. This is especially relevant given recent evidence of the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy in reducing HIV transmission (Cohen et al. N Engl J Med 365(6):493–505, 2011).


HIV/AIDS Corrections Prison Jail Collaboration Academic

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011