Lower GI Bleeding: Epidemiology and Management
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Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from the colon is a common reason for hospitalization and is becoming more common in the elderly. While most cases will cease spontaneously, patients with ongoing bleeding or major stigmata of hemorrhage require urgent diagnosis and intervention to achieve definitive hemostasis. Colonoscopy is the primary modality for establishing a diagnosis, risk stratification, and treating some of the most common causes of colonic bleeding, including diverticular hemorrhage which is the etiology in 30 % of cases. Other interventions, including angiography and surgery, are usually reserved for instances of bleeding that cannot be stabilized or allow for adequate bowel preparation for colonoscopy. We discuss the colonoscopic diagnosis, risk stratification, and definitive treatment of colonic hemorrhage in patients presenting with severe hematochezia.
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- Lower GI Bleeding: Epidemiology and Management
Current Gastroenterology Reports
- Online Date
- June 2013
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Colonic hemorrhage
- Thermal probe
- Vascular ectasia
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Digestive Diseases, Center for Esophageal Disorders, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 100 UCLA Medical Plaza, Suite 700, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA
- 2. Departments of Medicine at UCLA and West Los Angeles VA Medical Centers and CURE Digestive Diseases Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, CURE Hemostasis Research Unit- Bldg 115, Rm 318 11301 Wilshire Blvd, Los Angeles, CA, 90073-1003, USA