, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 428-438
Date: 03 Aug 2012

Familial Colon Cancer Syndromes: an Update of a Rapidly Evolving Field

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Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Up to 30 % of CRCs have evidence of a familial component, and about 5 % are thought to be due to well-characterized inherited mutations. This review will focus on recent developments in the understanding of the individual hereditary CRC syndromes, including Lynch syndrome, familial CRC type X, familial adenomatous polyposis, MutYH-associated polyposis, Peutz–Jeghers syndrome, juvenile polyposis syndrome, PTEN hamartomatous syndrome, and serrated polyposis syndrome. Advances within the area of hereditary colon cancer syndromes paint a picture of a rapidly moving, rapidly maturing, and increasingly collaborative field with many opportunities for ongoing research and development.