, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 236-242
Date: 21 Feb 2012

Helicobacter Pylori Persistence in Children: Distinguishing Inadequate Treatment, Resistant Organisms, and Reinfection

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Abstract

Helicobacter pylori is a worldwide infection that causes chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcers, and malignancy. Transmission of Helicobacter pylori within a family appears to be the predominant mode of contamination. Recurrence of the infection is frequently seen following treatment. Lack of eradication due to either inadequate treatment or resistant bacteria vs. reinfection have been explanations for detection of H. pylori following treatment. In this article we will discuss the concepts of inadequate treatment vs. resistant infection and reinfection as causes of persistent H. pylori infection.