Current Gastroenterology Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 490–498

Significance of serrated polyps of the colon

Authors

  • Rachel J. Groff
  • Russell Nash
    • University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11894-008-0090-z

Cite this article as:
Groff, R.J., Nash, R. & Ahnen, D.J. Curr Gastroenterol Rep (2008) 10: 490. doi:10.1007/s11894-008-0090-z

Abstract

The fundamental view that colon adenocarcinomas arise only from conventional adenomas has been challenged by the now recognized hyperplastic polyp-serrated adenoma-adenocarcinoma pathway. This article describes the history of the serrated adenoma (both the traditional serrated adenoma and the sessile serrated adenoma) as well as the histology and endoscopic appearance of these lesions in comparison with hyperplastic polyps and mixed polyps. Although the exact pathway is the subject of ongoing research, compelling histologic associations and molecular phenotypes that define the model of the serrated polyp-carcinoma sequence, including microsatellite instability, BRAF/KRAS mutations, and CpG island methylator phenotype, provide strong evidence that this is a genuine pathway. Management of serrated neoplasia of the colon includes careful colonoscopy, complete removal of colonic polyps, sampling fields of diminutive polyps of the rectosigmoid, and basing surveillance on histology of removed polyps.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008