, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 302-307
Date: 11 Oct 2008

Alternative strategies for the use of infliximab in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease

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Abstract

Infliximab is approved for the induction and 1-year maintenance of remission in pediatric Crohn’s disease unresponsive to conventional therapy. Despite significant experience with the use of this agent in children and adolescents who have inflammatory bowel disease, many questions about its optimal use remain. Recent safety concerns raised debate over the common practice of using infliximab in combination with conventional immunomodulatory agents. Additionally, although regularly scheduled administration maintains remission more effectively than episodic therapy, it is not known whether all patients who start infliximab must continue it for maintenance. Some patients may be able to use infliximab for induction and another agent for maintenance. Finally, the optimal placement of infliximab in the algorithm for the medical treatment of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease remains an open question.