, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 14-22

Improving outcomes for patients with chronic hepatitis B

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Abstract

The ultimate goal in managing patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is to improve long-term outcomes by decreasing deaths and liver transplantation procedures due to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Active intervention and vaccination of individuals susceptible to HBV infection are key steps to decrease the risk of this global public health problem. Large studies have demonstrated that long-term outcomes of CHB are tied to serum levels of HBV DNA. New oral treatments, characterized by potent antiviral effects, good tolerability, improved histology, stable seroconversion, and minimal resistance, are available. Long-term data with oral medications have shown decreased rates of liver cancer development, liver disease reversal, and progression to liver failure. Pegylated interferon trials have demonstrated modest rates of hepatitis B e antigen seroconversion and improved histology after treatment. This paper describes ways to improve outcomes of CHB using vaccines, interferon, lamivudine, adefovir, and newer agents.