, 14:521
Date: 15 Jul 2014

Use of Technology When Assessing Adherence to Diabetes Self-Management Behaviors

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Abstract

During the last several decades, a proliferation of sophisticated technology has taken place to facilitate diabetes self-management and improve health outcomes. Blood glucose monitors, insulin pumps, and continuous glucose monitors have significant data storage capacity, which can be used to summarize diabetes health management and outcomes. In the absence of technology errors or failures, and in the context of the multiple psychosocial factors associated with nonadherence, these data have the potential to elucidate diabetes care because they reflect actual patient behaviors. This review provides a summary of the diabetes adherence literature in the context of current American Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Recommendations with a focus on studies that have used objective methods (ie, data derived from technology) to assess diabetes care provider and patient adherence in the areas of glucose monitoring; insulin administration and antihyperglycemic medications; medical nutrition therapy; and physical activity.

This article is part of the Topical Collection on Psychosocial Aspects