Look Inside Look AHEAD: Why the Glass Is More than Half-Full
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- Steinberg, H., Jacovino, C. & Kitabchi, A.E. Curr Diab Rep (2014) 14: 500. doi:10.1007/s11892-014-0500-6
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Look AHEAD is the only long-term study in a large cohort of subjects with type 2 diabetes that assessed the effect of intensive lifestyle, predominantly diet and exercise, on a number of outcomes. While Look AHEAD was not able to detect a significant effect of intensive lifestyle modification on cardiovascular outcomes, it clearly demonstrated numerous beneficial and sustained effects on health outcomes that are relevant to this population. Without the exceptional retention of study participants, it would have been difficult to detect these benefits. Our review provides a perspective on aspects related to exercise, diet, and weight loss in relation to cardiovascular outcomes and potential future research.