Microvascular Complications-Retinopathy (JK Sun, Section Editor)

Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 453-459

First online:

Automated Analysis of Diabetic Retinopathy Images: Principles, Recent Developments, and Emerging Trends

  • Baoxin LiAffiliated withSchool of Computing, Informatics & Decision Systems Engineering, Arizona State University Email author 
  • , Helen K. LiAffiliated withWeill Cornell Medical College / The Methodist HospitalSchool of Biomedical Informatics, The University of Texas Health Science CenterDepartment of Ophthalmology, Thomas Jefferson University

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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a vision-threatening complication of diabetes. Timely diagnosis and intervention are essential for treatment that reduces the risk of vision loss. A good color retinal (fundus) photograph can be used as a surrogate for face-to-face evaluation of DR. The use of computers to assist or fully automate DR evaluation from retinal images has been studied for many years. Early work showed promising results for algorithms in detecting and classifying DR pathology. Newer techniques include those that adapt machine learning technology to DR image analysis. Challenges remain, however, that must be overcome before fully automatic DR detection and analysis systems become practical clinical tools.


Diabetic retinopathy Computer-aided diagnosis Fundus photography Image analysis Machine learning