, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 34-42
Date: 19 Oct 2012

Role of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Management of Diabetic Pregnancy

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Abstract

Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) with intermittent capillary glucose fingerstick tests is currently the universally accepted method of glucose monitoring in pregnancy. During pregnancy SMBG tests are recommended before and after meals and before bed (typically 7 values/d). Continuous glucose monitoring systems consist of a disposable subcutaneous glucose-sensing device, electrochemically measuring glucose levels in subcutaneous tissues every 10 seconds, providing an average interstitial glucose value every 5 minutes (typically 288 values/d). From a research perspective this provides unprecedented insights into the pathophysiology of glucose metabolism, while from a clinical perspective it can facilitate enhanced patient-professional decision making, patient motivation, and improved glycaemic control. CGM has thus been described as a “roadmap for effective self-management” and as a “stepping stone in the journey towards a cure.” This review will consider the lessons learned and evidence supporting current and potential future use of CGM in the management of diabetes in pregnancy.