Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 236–243

Imaging of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema


DOI: 10.1007/s11892-011-0203-1

Cite this article as:
Danis, R.P. & Hubbard, L.D. Curr Diab Rep (2011) 11: 236. doi:10.1007/s11892-011-0203-1


Imaging of the retinal complications of diabetes mellitus is rapidly changing from the emergence of new technology such as optical coherence tomography. In particular, the characterization of diabetic macular edema is much easier for the clinician and there are new, more sensitive clinical research end points. However, our understanding of structure-functional relationships remains suboptimal and the classification of macular edema by optical coherence tomography continues to evolve. The classification of diabetic retinopathy severity continues to rely upon fundus photography, although the transition from film to digital photography presents both challenges and advantages.


Diabetic retinopathy severityDiabetic macular edemaOptical coherence tomographyFundus photographyFluorescein angiographyScanning laser ophthalmoscopyPhotoreceptor outer segmentsClinical trialsDigital imagingImage qualityETDRS

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison Fundus Photograph Reading CenterMadisonUSA
  2. 2.EmeritusUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison Fundus Photograph Reading CenterMadisonUSA