Preventing Poor Psychological and Health Outcomes in Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes
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- Fogel, N.R. & Weissberg-Benchell, J. Curr Diab Rep (2010) 10: 436. doi:10.1007/s11892-010-0145-z
Youth with type 1 diabetes are at high risk for psychosocial morbidities. These include depression, disturbed eating behavior, family conflict, poor health-related quality of life, low self-efficacy, and difficulty with medical adherence and metabolic control. A number of prevention interventions have been studied in this group, with the overall goal of improving adaptation and coping skills. This paper reviews the current research aimed at preventing poor outcomes in youth with type 1 diabetes and recommends simple interventions that can be added to clinical encounters. Recommendations for future psychosocial prevention studies are also discussed.