, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 305-311
Date: 19 Jul 2009

Dyslipidemia following kidney transplantation: Diagnosis and treatment

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Abstract

Lipid abnormalities are a common complication of kidney transplantation, occurring in up to 60% of patients. In fact, impairment of lipid metabolism is often present before renal transplantation due to the uremic state. After transplantation and recovery of renal function, lipid disturbances usually persist but show a different profile due to the various effects of immunosuppressive drugs on lipid metabolism. Actually, steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors usually lead to quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of very low-density, low-density, and high-density lipoproteins. As cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death in renal transplant recipients, management of dyslipidemia and other traditional risk factors, such as smoking, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity, is of great importance to prevent cardiovascular complications and chronic allograft dysfunction. This review addresses the causes of dyslipidemia, the role of immunosuppressive drugs, and current recommendations to manage lipid disorders in renal transplant recipients.