Current Cardiology Reports

, 16:450

Long-Term Clinical Outcomes after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusions

  • Spyretta Golemati
  • Elias A. Sanidas
  • George D. Dangas
Ischemic Heart Disease (D Mukherjee, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11886-013-0450-7

Cite this article as:
Golemati, S., Sanidas, E.A. & Dangas, G.D. Curr Cardiol Rep (2014) 16: 450. doi:10.1007/s11886-013-0450-7
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Ischemic Heart Disease


Optimal treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains one of the major challenges in interventional cardiology. A number of factors, including both patient clinical conditions and technical procedural considerations, have been identified to affect percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) success and long-term outcomes, in large multicenter cohorts as well as smaller patient groups. As opposed to patient-centered factors, technical factors can be managed and as a result, a lot of research aims at improving stent technology and imaging guidance, toward enhancing PCI efficiency, in regards to patient safety.


Chronic total occlusionsCTOClinical outcomesLong-termPercutaneous coronary interventionPCI

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spyretta Golemati
    • 1
    • 5
    • 6
  • Elias A. Sanidas
    • 2
  • George D. Dangas
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Columbia University Medical Center and New York Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Cardiovascular Research FoundationNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Mount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Cardiovascular InnovationIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biomedical EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging Laboratory Columbia University Medical CampusNew YorkUSA