Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease/Diabetes Mellitus: The High-Risk Profile in Acute Coronary Syndrome
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- Baber, U. & Auguste, U. Curr Cardiol Rep (2013) 15: 386. doi:10.1007/s11886-013-0386-y
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are highly prevalent, morbid diseases that are very common among patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Despite significant reductions in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality over the last half century, residual vascular risk remains disproportionately high in these populations. In large part, this is attributable to pre-existing vascular morbidity and substantial enrichment of traditional risk factors among those with either CKD or DM. Other factors, such as less aggressive therapeutic intervention and a unique atherothrombotic phenotype, are also contributory. The introduction of novel antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents over the last several years provides fresh opportunities to improve the adverse prognosis among patients with CKD or DM and concomitant ACS.