Effect of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists in Atherosclerosis Prevention
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- Patarroyo Aponte, M.M. & Francis, G.S. Curr Cardiol Rep (2012) 14: 433. doi:10.1007/s11886-012-0275-9
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Atherosclerosis is a highly complex biological process that has become the scourge of modern civilization. Endothelial dysfunction is the first step in the development of atherosclerosis. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an important role in the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Several studies have shown that in vitro blockade of the RAAS is associated with improvement in markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. Many clinical trials have demonstrated a clear benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) manifested by a reduction of cardiovascular events. These findings suggest that ACEIs and ARBs can play an important role in prevention of atherosclerosis and in the delay of its progression. In this review we focus on the importance of RAAS blockade to prevent or delay progression of atherosclerosis and its impact on reduction of cardiovascular events.