Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 125–134

Management of Combined Severe Carotid and Coronary Artery Disease

  • Marco Roffi
  • Flavio Ribichini
  • Fausto Castriota
  • Alberto Cremonesi
Peripheral Vascular Disease (M Shishehbor, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11886-012-0246-1

Cite this article as:
Roffi, M., Ribichini, F., Castriota, F. et al. Curr Cardiol Rep (2012) 14: 125. doi:10.1007/s11886-012-0246-1

Abstract

Patients with severe carotid and coronary disease—especially if they require coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)—are at high risk of cardiac events and stroke. Carotid revascularization should be considered for patients with symptomatic carotid disease and bilateral severe asymptomatic carotid stenosis. In patients with unilateral asymptomatic carotid stenosis, decision to proceed to revascularization should be based more on a perspective of long-term stroke prevention than of perioperative stroke reduction. Compared with endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting is associated with a lower incidence of periprocedural myocardial infarction, an event linked to long-term mortality. This observation may be particularly relevant for patients with advanced coronary artery disease such as those undergoing CABG. Irrespective of the carotid revascularization strategy, a broad disease management approach based on lifestyle modification and pharmacologic cardiovascular prevention is more likely to affect both the quality and duration of life than revascularization itself.

Keywords

Carotid artery diseaseCoronary artery diseaseCoronary artery bypass graftingCarotid endarterectomyCarotid artery stentingPerioperative strokeStroke preventionPerioperative myocardial infarctionMultilevel arterial disease

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Roffi
    • 1
  • Flavio Ribichini
    • 2
    • 4
  • Fausto Castriota
    • 3
    • 5
  • Alberto Cremonesi
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Interventional Cardiology Unit, Division of CardiologyUniversity HospitalGeneva 14Switzerland
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Catheterisation LaboratoriesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  3. 3.GVM Care and Research, Interventional Cardio-Angiology UnitCotignolaItaly
  4. 4.Cardiovascular Interventional UnitVeronaItaly
  5. 5.Maria Cecilia Hospital—GVM Care and Research CotignolaCotignolaItaly