Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 242–249

Evaluation of Tricuspid Valve Morphology and Function by Transthoracic Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

Authors

  • Denisa Muraru
    • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular SciencesUniversity of Padua
    • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular SciencesUniversity of Padua
  • Cristiano Sarais
    • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular SciencesUniversity of Padua
  • Elena Soldà
    • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular SciencesUniversity of Padua
  • Sabino Iliceto
    • Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular SciencesUniversity of Padua
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11886-011-0176-3

Cite this article as:
Muraru, D., Badano, L.P., Sarais, C. et al. Curr Cardiol Rep (2011) 13: 242. doi:10.1007/s11886-011-0176-3

Abstract

Tricuspid valve (TV) disease commonly occurs in combination with left-sided heart disease. Despite the growing enthusiasm for developing novel minimally invasive therapies for the mitral or aortic valve, the TV disease formerly received less attention and was frequently left untreated. Strong evidence has increased the awareness of the impact of severe TV regurgitation on patient survival, functional capacity, and surgical risk. Preoperative TV accurate description is challenging because, unlike left-sided valves, a complete visualization of tricuspid annulus and all three leaflets in one view is routinely impossible by two-dimensional transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) with its unrestricted imaging capabilities has sparked significant research interest for a better understanding and improved treatment of valvular heart disease. This review summarizes the current status of 3DE for the assessment of TV morphology and function, with its clinical applications and current limitations, as well as its potential implications for designing TV repair techniques.

Keywords

Three-dimensional echocardiographyTricuspid valveTricuspid valve diseaseTricuspid regurgitationTricuspid annulusTricuspid valve repairTricuspid stenosisCarcinoid diseasePacemakerInfective endocarditis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011