Role of Metabolic Surgery in Less Obese or Non-Obese Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes: Influence Over Cardiovascular Events
Lipid and Metabolic Effects of Gastrointestinal Surgery (FR Rubino, Section Editor)
First Online: 17 August 2013 DOI:
Cite this article as: Cohen, R., Caravatto, P.P., Petry, T. et al. Curr Atheroscler Rep (2013) 15: 355. doi:10.1007/s11883-013-0355-3 Abstract
Bariatric surgery was initially developed as a tool for weight reduction only, but it is gaining increasing popularity because of its remarkable effect on glucose metabolism in morbidly obese and less obese patients. Recent publications have shown the good results of metabolic surgery, creating a new field of clinical research that is currently overflowing in the medical community with outstanding high-quality data. In morbidly obese population, there is compelling data on long term cardiovascular risk reduction and mortality, coming from longitudinal prospective studies and systematic reviews. Numbers range from 33 to 92 % of decrease in fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events . In low body mass index (BMI) diabetics, there is an increasing number of reported good outcomes after metabolic surgery with the aim to treat type 2 diabetes (T2DM). There is scarce information on cardiovascular outcomes in non–morbidly obese subjects, but the extraordinary glucose, lipid and blood pressure control in the published series are suggesting good long-term effects on cardiovascular risk profile and mortality. The papers review was comprehensive, including the available randomized controlled trials, long-term prospective series and systematic reviews.
Keywords Type 2 diabetes mellitus Metabolic surgery Bariatric surgery Obesity Gastrointestinal surgery
This article is part of the Topical Collection on
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