, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 359-366
Date: 29 Aug 2007

Rimonabant: The role of endocannabinoid type 1 receptor antagonism in modulating the weight and lipid profile of obese patients

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Rimonabant is a selective blocker of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor that has been developed for treatment of abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and control of diabetes. Four randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that following 1 year of treatment, 20 mg/d of rimonabant is associated with greater weight loss and reduction in waist circumference compared with placebo. Therapy with rimonabant is associated with favorable changes in serum high-density lipoprotein and triglycerides, as well as with an improvement in glycemic control among obese type 2 diabetic patients. Rimonabant appears to be well tolerated, with the most common side effects being nausea, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Rimonabant is a novel agent that has the potential to be a useful adjunct to lifestyle and behavior modification in treatment of abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and dysglycemia.