Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 255–261

Racial Differences in Allergic Sensitization: Recent Findings and Future Directions

Authors

    • Department of Public Health SciencesHenry Ford Hospital
  • Christine Cole Johnson
    • Department of Public Health SciencesHenry Ford Hospital
  • Edward Zoratti
    • Division of Allergy and Clinical ImmunologyHenry Ford Hospital
  • Suzanne Havstad
    • Department of Public Health SciencesHenry Ford Hospital
ALLERGENS (RK BUSH, SECTION EDITOR)

DOI: 10.1007/s11882-013-0343-2

Cite this article as:
Wegienka, G., Johnson, C.C., Zoratti, E. et al. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep (2013) 13: 255. doi:10.1007/s11882-013-0343-2

Abstract

Racial disparities are present in many facets of health and disease. Allergy and asthma are no exceptions. Secondary results from cross-sectional and cohort studies have provided information on the scope of racial disparities in allergic sensitization in the United States. African American/Black individuals tend to be sensitized more frequently than White individuals. Little is known about rates in other race groups. Genetics are unlikely to be the sole or major cause of the observed differences. Home dust allergen and endotoxin levels cannot explain the differences. Studies that have been designed to specifically address the sources of these racial disparities are needed. A “Multilevel Framework” that considers the roles of the individual, family and community presents an excellent approach to guide design of future studies of the causes of these disparities. Understanding the causes of the disparities could lead to interventions that would improve the health of all individuals.

Keywords

Racial disparitiesRacial differencesRaceAtopyAllergensSensitizationAllergiesAsthmaAncestry informative marker studies

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013