Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 131–141

Impact of Sleep as a Specific Marker of Quality of Life in Allergic Rhinitis

  • Vanesa González-Núñez
  • Antonio Luís Valero
  • Joaquim Mullol
RHINITIS (JN BARANIUK AND JJ OPPENHEIMER, SECTION EDITORS)

DOI: 10.1007/s11882-012-0330-z

Cite this article as:
González-Núñez, V., Valero, A.L. & Mullol, J. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep (2013) 13: 131. doi:10.1007/s11882-012-0330-z

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common disorder, which represents a considerable burden both on individual patients and society. It is associated with bothersome symptoms, which may impair usual daily activities, sleep quality, and productivity. Associated with impaired sleep, quality of life is significantly impaired in AR patients. AR significantly contributes to sleep-disordered breathing through multiple mechanisms, with the greatest impact mediated through nasal obstruction. Sleep impairment is very common in AR patients and has a significant impact on disease-specific measures of general health and quality of life. The degree of sleep disturbance is directly related to the severity of the disease. Nasal congestion also demonstrates circadian rhythm and positional variability, worsening during nighttime hours and in supine position. Increased sleep disordered events lead to poor sleep with fatigue and daytime somnolence, impaired performance, productivity and social functioning, and an increased risk of associated diseases.

Keywords

SleepQuality of lifeAllergic rhinitisQuality of sleepNasal congestionQuestionnaireSleep disturbanceSleep problemsAllergySleepinessSomnolenceSleep-disordered breathingStuffy noseBlocked noseCircadian rhythmNasal symptomsPersistentIntermittentPerennialSeasonalARIADaytime fatigueIntranasal corticosteroidAntihistamine

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanesa González-Núñez
    • 1
  • Antonio Luís Valero
    • 2
  • Joaquim Mullol
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AllergologyHospital Quirón. BarcelonaCataloniaSpain
  2. 2.Allergy Unit, Department of Pneumology and Respiratory Allergy, ICT, Hospital Clínic i UniversitariInstitut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS); and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Rhinology Unit & Smell Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Clínic i UniversitariInstitut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS); and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES)BarcelonaSpain