Racial Disparities in Pediatric Asthma: A Review of the Literature
First Online: 24 November 2010 DOI:
10.1007/s11882-010-0159-2 Cite this article as: Hill, T.D., Graham, L.M. & Divgi, V. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep (2011) 11: 85. doi:10.1007/s11882-010-0159-2 Abstract
The burden of asthma disproportionately affects children living in economically disadvantaged urban communities. The relationships between ethnicity, genetic differences, lower socioeconomic status, poor medication adherence, greater exposure to environmental triggers, and absence of regular asthma care all contribute to this disparity. This review aims to identify and discuss recent studies on additional factors that may also impact to pediatric asthma disparity. The body of work examined in this review suggests that these disparities are the result of gene–environment interactions, vitamin D metabolism, socioeconomic status, urban environment, healthcare setting, and associated health beliefs.
Keywords Asthma Pediatrics Pulmonology Disparity Disparities Race Racial Ethnic Ethnicity Urban Rural Inner city Children Adherence Minority Socioeconomic African American Hispanic References Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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