Article

Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 13-20

Lyme Disease: A Review

  • Adriana R. MarquesAffiliated withLaboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health Email author 

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Abstract

Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne illness in the United States and is also endemic in Europe and Asia. It is caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and transmitted by the bite of the Ixodes (deer) tick. It occurs most frequently during spring and summer and may involve the skin, nervous system, heart, and joints. This article reviews the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease.

Keywords

Lyme disease Borrelia burgdorferi Infection Tick-borne illness