Dyslexia laws in the USA
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Throughout the various states of the USA, the appropriate identification of dyslexia and the timely provision of interventions are characterized by variability and inconsistency. Several states have recognized the existence of this disorder and the well-established need for services. These states have taken proactive steps to implement laws and regulations for both identification and treatment, and the provision of equal access to students who are diagnosed with dyslexia. The majority of states, however, have not developed such laws and guidelines. The purposes of this article are to review the present status and content of these dyslexia laws, highlight some differences among the laws and regulations across states, and suggest strategies for initiating such laws.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV- TR . Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
- Babayiğit, S., & Stainthorp, R. (2011). Modeling the relationships between cognitive-linguistic skills and literacy skills: New insights from a transparent orthography. Journal of Educational Psychology, 14, 169–189. doi:10.1037/a0021671. CrossRef
- Bekebrede, J., van der Leji, A., Plakas, A., Share, D., & Morfidi, E. (2010). Dutch dyslexia in adulthood: Core features and variety. Scientific Studies of Reading, 14, 183–210. doi:10.1080/10888430903117500. CrossRef
- Budin, S. G., Mather, N., & Cheesman, E. (2010). Examining promising practices to improve linguistic knowledge and inform practice in teacher education. Perspectives on Language and Literacy, 36(4), 13–17.
- Fletcher, J. M., Lyon, G. R., Fuchs, L. S., & Barnes, M. A. (2007). Learning disabilities: From identification to intervention. New York: Guilford.
- Foorman, B. R., Francis, D. J., Shaywitz, S. E., Shaywitz, B., & Fletcher, J. M. (1997). The case for early reading intervention. In B. Blachman (Ed.), Foundations of reading acquisition: Implications for intervention and dyslexia (pp. 103–115). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Ho, C. S. H., & Bryant, P. (1997). Development of phonological awareness of Chinese children in Hong Kong. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 26, 109. Retrieved from http://www.springer.com/psychology/journal/10936
- Hulme, C., Bower-Crane, C., Carroll, J. M., Duff, F. J., & Snowling, M. J. (2012). The causal role of phoneme awareness and letter-sound knowledge in learning to read: Combining intervention studies with mediation analyses. Psychological Science, 23, 572–577. doi: 10.1177/0956797611435921.
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004, 20 USC §1412 and 20 USC §1474 et seq. (2004).
- International Dyslexia Association. (2002). www.interdys.org
- Jiménez, G. J. E., & Ramírez, S. G. (2002). Identifying subtypes of reading disability in the Spanish language. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 5, 3–19. Retrieved from http://www.ucm.es/info/psi/docs/journal/
- Legislative Commission of the Legislative Counsel Bureau, State of Nevada (1984). Study of dyslexia and other specific learning disabilities (Bulletin No. 85.5). Retrieved from: http://leg.state.nv.us/Division/Research/Publications/InterimReports/1985/Bulletin85-05.pdf
- Louisiana Administrative Code, Title 28, Education, Part XXXV (2002). Regulations and guidelines for implementation of the Louisiana law for the education of dyslexic students. Retrieved from: http://doa.louisiana.gov/osr/lac/28v35/28v35.pdf
- Lyon, G. R., Shaywitz, S. E., & Shaywitz, B. A. (2003). A definition of dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, 53, 1–14. doi:10.1007/s11881-003-0001-9. CrossRef
- Massachusetts General Laws ch 15A, §30.
- Mather, N., & Wendling, B. (2012). Essentials of dyslexia: Assessment and intervention. New York: Wiley.
- Minnesota Specific Learning Disability Committee, & Division of Special Education (2002). Dyslexia (Information Paper No. 1). Retrieved from: www.asec.net/Archives/SLD/dyslexia_12.pdf
- Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Reading/Early Childhood/Language Arts (2002). Mississippi Dyslexia Handbook. Retrieved from Mississippi Department of Education website: http://www.mde.k12.ms.us
- Moats, L. (2009). Still wanted: Teachers with knowledge of language. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42, 387–391. doi:10.1177/0022219409338735. CrossRef
- Moats, L.C., Carreker, S., Davis, R., Meisel, P., Spear-Swerling, L., & Wilson, B. (2010). Knowledge and practice standards for teachers of reading. International Dyslexia Association, Professional Standards and Practices Committee.
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2000). Report of the National Reading Panel. Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction: Reports of the subgroups (NIH Publications no. 00-4753). Washington: US Government Printing Office.
- No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. (2002), Pub. L. No. 107-110, § 115, Stat. 1425
- Ortiz, S. O. (2011). Separating cultural and linguistic differences (CLD) from specific learning disability (SLD) in the evaluation of diverse students: Difference or disorder? In D. P. Flanagan & V. C. Alfonso (Eds.), Essentials of specific learning disability identification (pp. 299–324). Hoboken: Wiley.
- Paizi, D., Zoccolotti, P., & Burani, C. (2010). Lexical reading in Italian developmental dyslexic readers. In N. Brunswick, S. McDougall, & P. de Mornay Davies (Eds.), Reading and dyslexia in different orthographies (pp. 181–198). Hove: Psychology Press.
- Peterson, R. L., & Pennington, B. F. (2012). Developmental dyslexia. The Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60198-6.
- Porpodas, C. D. (1999). Patterns of phonological and memory processing in beginning readers and spellers of Greek. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 32, 406–416. doi:10.1177/002221949903200506. CrossRef
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973. (1973). 29 U.S.C. 794 § 504; regulations at 34 C.F.R. pt. 104
- Richardson, S. O. (1992). Historical perspectives on dyslexia. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 25, 40–47. doi:10.1177/002221949202500107. CrossRef
- Schultz, P. (2011). My dyslexia. New York: Norton.
- Seki, A., Kassai, K., Uchiyama, H., & Koeda, T. (2008). Reading ability and phonological awareness in Japanese children with dyslexia. Brain and Development International Edition, 30, 179–188. doi:10.1016/j.braindev.2007.07.006. CrossRef
- Shaywitz, S. (2003). Overcoming dyslexia: A new and complete science-based program for overcoming reading problems at any level. New York: Alfred Knopf.
- Snow, C. E., Burns, M. S., & Griffin, P. (1998). Preventing reading difficulties in young children. Washington: National Academy Press.
- Snowling, M. J., & Hulme, C. (2012). Annual research review: The nature and classification of reading disorders- a commentary for proposals on DSM-5. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 593–607. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02495.x. CrossRef
- South Dakota Department of Education (2009). The dyslexia handbook for teachers and parents in South Dakota. Retrieved from: http://doe.sd.gov/oess/documents/SPED_DyslexiaGuide.pdf
- Texas Education Agency (2007). The dyslexia handbook. Retrieved from: http://www.region10.org/dyslexia/Documents/DyslexiaHandbook11-10-2010.pdf
- Tǿnnessen, F. E. (1997). How can we best define ‘dyslexia’? Dyslexia, 3, 78–92. CrossRef
- Torgesen, J. K., Foorman, B. R., & Wagner, R. K. (2010). Dyslexia: A brief for educators, parents, and legislators in Florida (FCRR Technical Report No. 8). Florida: Florida Center for Reading Research.
- Uhry, J. K. (2005). Phonemic awareness and reading: Research, activities, and instructional materials. In J. R. Birsh (Ed.), Multisensory teaching of basic language skills (pp. 83–111). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.
- Young, C. A., (2008). Lorraine Wojahn Dyslexia Pilot Reading Program. Report to The Washington Legislature. Retrieved from: http://www.k12.wa.us/LegisGov/2009documents/LorraineWojahnDyslexiaPilotReadingProgram.pdf
- Dyslexia laws in the USA
Annals of Dyslexia
Volume 63, Issue 2 , pp 133-153
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Dyslexia eligibility
- Dyslexia identification
- Dyslexia laws
- Dyslexia legislation
- Dyslexia treatments