Annals of Dyslexia

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 22–52

Is a cerebellar deficit the underlying cause of reading disabilities?

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11881-011-0060-2

Cite this article as:
Irannejad, S. & Savage, R. Ann. of Dyslexia (2012) 62: 22. doi:10.1007/s11881-011-0060-2

Abstract

This study investigated whether children with dyslexia differed in their performance on reading, phonological, rapid naming, motor, and cerebellar-related tasks and automaticity measures compared to reading age (RA)-matched and chronological age (CA)-matched control groups. Participants were 51 children attending mainstream English elementary schools in Quebec. All participants completed measures of IQ, word and nonword reading fluency, elision, nonword decoding, rapid naming, bead threading, peg moving, toe tapping, postural stability, and muscle tone. Results from both group contrasts and analyses at the individual case level did not provide support for claims of motor–cerebellar involvement in either typical or atypical reading acquisition. Results were more consistent with a phonological core process account of both typical reading and reading difficulty. Phonological deficits for children with dyslexia compared to RA-matched controls were, however, only evident in group contrasts. Findings thus also have important implications for identifying at-risk readers among their same-aged peers.

Keywords

Balance automaticityCerebellar deficitDyslexiaPhonological deficitReading disabilityReading-level design

Copyright information

© The International Dyslexia Association 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Office of Students with Disabilities (OSD)McGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of Educational and Counseling PsychologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada